Genesis 2:1-2: The 6 days of creation was complete, and now on the 7th day God ceased from His work of creation. It was not that God had become fatigued and needed to rest (for according to Psalm 121:4 God does not become weary), but God had finished shaping the prior formless chaos into order, and had now filled the empty void with living creatures, vegetation, and solar planetary bodies. The eternal God, though infinitely happy in the enjoyment of himself, yet took a satisfaction in the work of his own hands. He did not rest, as one weary, but as one well-pleased with the instances of his own goodness and the manifestations of his own glory.
Genesis 2:3 God’s blessing of the 7th day (in which He rested from His work of creation), and setting it aside as holy
is loaded with a lot of meaning;
1) Within God’s creation of the weekly calendar around which man’s life will run He includes and institutes the sacred and holy.
2) This 7th day and it’s sacredness indicates God’s signature and stamp of authority as creator and sustainer of the entire cosmos.
3) At this moment in the creation story there is yet no command for human observance of the Sabbath until Exodus 20:8-11 and Exodus 31:12-17 where God commands it’s observance by the nation of Israel as a day of rest from the labors of the other 6 days.
4) From further exposition of scriptures the 7th day had a prophetic component pointing towards a future rest for God’s people (Heb 4:1-4).
Genesis 2:4 This account (or generation) of the heavens and the earth is not a second creation; rather information that is complementary to Genesis 1, and that sheds more light on the details of the 6 day creation are supplied.
Genesis 2:5-6 This section fits into day 3 of the creation before man was created to cultivate the ground, there were no rains, and the earth was being watered by underground spring systems in the earth’s water table.
Genesis 2:7 God formed man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living soul.
Genesis 2:8-9 Among the pleasant trees that God caused to grow out of the ground within the garden of Eden were the tree of life in the middle of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
Genesis 2:10-14 We are here given the names of 4 presently existing rivers that help us to speculate about the exact site of the garden of Eden in present day Iraq.
Genesis 2:15-17 God placed the man in the garden to work it and watch over it (guard it), suggesting the presence of an enemy, for there would be no need to keep watch over or to guard a territory that does not have the potential to fall into danger.
The command stated thus, “You are free to eat from any tree in the garden, but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil …..” First, see how liberal God is in setting a command to distinguish positionally between creator and creature. The tree of the knowledge of good and evil represented the mark of God’s authority, and the boundary which He placed over man.
The command was clear enough and should have served as an incentive to the man that he needed to partake of the tree of life. And one would have expected that the man would have started off eating from the tree of life before any other tree in the garden, but at this point we are purely on grounds of speculation and would refrain from going any further. The stark truth that we have to deal with here is that we do not have every detail of information to satisfy all of our questions and curiosity, but one thing is clear; God’s instruction, prohibition, and command to the first man were clear enough and well understood by the man.
The penalty, “For in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.” We shall come to the details of this death in Chapter 3.
Genesis 2: 18 God identified suitable companionship as a great need that the man had. The man’s described condition of being alone was not good.
Genesis 2:19-20 Among the animals and wild beasts which God created and brought to the man for naming, there was no companion found for the man. This demonstrates man’s superiority and authority over every kind of animals, apart from man’s intellectual brilliance to be able to name (identify / classify) all the animals and birds.
Genesis 2:21-24 God puts the man into a deep sleep, takes a side bone from him and builds a woman which He brings to the man. And so suitable, so adaptable, so fitting, and congenial was she that the man announces a declaration which has stood throughout every human culture in every civilization; the one-flesh declaration between a man and his wife. Woman is of the same stuff and stock as man, for she was “flesh of my flesh, and bone of my bones.”
Genesis 2: 25 Their naked and unashamed state speaks of their innocence within the setting of their creation. They fully embraced their identity, attributes, and features as God’s creation which was by God’s evaluation “very good” (Gen 1:31).
LIFE APPLICATIONS OF GENESIS 2
1) Both our lives and our time as humans belong to and come to us as gifts from God, and we ought to return an offering of our time with weekly commitment to sanctified worship as an acknowledgement of our Creator’s marvelous benevolence to His creation, and at the same time take the time to rest and refrain from the toil of the other 6 days. We need to also live our lives in such a manner that anticipates God’s coming rest that awaits His faithful people.
2) Man’s physical body is from the dust of the ground, but his unseen components are from God’s divine breath of life administered to bring vibrancy and human soulish functionality and temperament; we need to live our lives daily with this understanding in mind.
3) The principle of the choice between good and evil is still with us today as it was with the first man in the garden. Every day we are confronted with this choice, and we must continue this fight to choose that which glorifies and pleases God over and against that which grieves His heart.
4) Marriage is a great gift and blessing from God to humanity to provide for the enjoyment of companionship, and the needed help that is required for us to accomplish the various assignments, tasks, and stewardships that God has providentially assigned to us as humans.
5) As clearly depicted in this prototype and example of the marriage institution, marriage that is ordained and blessed by God is between a man and a woman who walk and live together in intimacy through this journey that we call life.
This list is by no means exhaustive. You can add to it from your own unique perspective. Please feel free to contribute, comment, and interact with this post.
- Exodus 20:10-11 God’s Sabbath rest became the basis for the Sabbath being included in the 10 commandments.
- Matthew 19:6 reveals Jesus saying that it was God who joined Adam and Eve together.
- 1 Timothy 2:13 Paul says that Adam was first formed, then Eve.
- 1 Corinthians 15:45 Paul said that the first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam a quickening spirit.
- 1 Corinthians 15:22 Paul said that in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
- Ephesians 5:28-32, Matthew 19:5, 1 Corinthians 6:16, Ephesians 5:31
- Genesis 1:2. The earth — When first called into existence, was without form and void: confusion and emptiness, as the same original words are rendered, Isaiah 34:11. It was without order, beauty, or even use, in its present state, and was surrounded on all sides with thick darkness, through the gloom of which there was not one ray of light to penetrate not even so much as to render the darkness visible.
- Adam was commanded not to eat from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil before Eve was created.
- According to Heb 4 the Church age is the Sabbath rest and the believer in Jesus ceases from his works and rests in God’s redemption in Christ.